The Romans had a settlement here, known as Aquae Arnemetiae, which they valued for its waters. Mary Queen of Scots was later treated for rheumatism here while imprisoned on Elizabeth I`s orders.
In 1880, the largest unsupported dome in the world was built, enclosing the Duke of Devonshire`s stables. This building later became the Devonshire Royal Hospital, and is now part of a university campus.
St. Anne`s Church dates from the 17th century.
The River Wye runs through lovely gardens, and St. Ann`s Well still furnishes fresh water, from which many bottles have been filled.
The Edwardian Opera House inspired an annual festival.
Buxton, at 1,000 feet, claims the honour of being England's highest market town. The Market Place is a few minutes walk from today`s town centre.
Buxton water is one of the more famous of the bottled variety.
People born in Buxton include Tim Brooke-Taylor, comedian; and Lloyd Cole, singer.
Blue Badge Guide Colin Crosby is available to lead Guided Walks around Buxton for groups.