It sits on the largest ironstone deposit in Europe, leading to a huge iron and steel industry where there were formerly five agricultural villages. Today only one steelworks remains, but it is vast, and accounts for a quarter of the country`s output.
St. Lawrence`s Church dates back to the 12th century.
Kevin Keegan and Ian Botham were both footballers with Scunthorpe United.
Among those born in Scunthorpe are Tony Jacklin, golfer; and Joan Plowright, actress.