Alfred the Great made it the county town in 886, but this was transferred to Aylesbury in the 17th century. Edward the Elder created a burgh here.
The church was built in the 18th century on the top of the hill where the castle used to stand, and partly rebuilt in the 18th century to designs by George Gilbert Scott, a local man. The site of the former church is a short distance away.
Much of the town was destroyed in a fire in 1725, and attractively rebuilt.
The Old Gaol on Market Hill contains a local history museum. It was built on the assumption that the county assizes would be returning to the town.
The Chantry Chapel was rebuilt in 1475, but preserves a Norman doorway. It was formerly used as School of Latin.
St. Rumbold`s Well commemorates this local saint, said to have died at three days old, having delivered a sermon and predicted his death. His shrine was at the old church.
The University of Buckingham is the only independent university in Britain.
Robert Maxwell was once M.P. for Buckingham.
Blue Badge Guide Colin Crosby is available to lead Guided Walks around Buckingham for groups.