Situated on the edge of the Pennines, Oldham was an important cotton-spinning town during the 19th century and stretching into the early 20th century.
Winston Churchill was first elected as a Member of Parliament for this constituency in 1900, and a previous M. P. was William Cobbett.
Oldham Art Gallery has a good collection of paintings by such artists as Constable, Lowry and Turner.
The imposing Town Hall was built in 1841.
Among those born in Oldham are Warren Clarke, actor; Bernard Cribbins, actor; Matthew Maynard, England cricketer; Eric Sykes, comic actor and writer; and William Walton, composer.